At 2019 Expobiomasa, edit a magazine with all the information of the fair and of the biomass sector.
- Calendar of Events from Expobiomasa.
- Exhibitor Listings for products and services.
- Plano of the fair.
- All information about the sector in Spain
You can download it in this link (PDF. 20 megabytes.)
Göteborg Energi, a public company that supplies electricity and district heating to the city of Gothenburg in Sweden, converted its 110 MW boiler room from natural gas to pulverized wood changing only the burners. In this way they managed to minimize the use of fossil fuels (whose carbon tax in Sweden is € 120 per ton of CO2 emitted) by reusing the boilers.
VYNCKE performed the entire conversion using a turnkey project. Wood pellets are the fuel used in this installation. Before entering the combustion chamber it is reduced to fine particles by hammer mills and is pneumatically transported to the burners, everything is equipped with fire protection Firefly.
The resulting powder is burned in suspension in the combustion chamber of gas boilers. The ashes, which are not very abundant, are recovered 100% by the smoke filtration system.
The consumption of pellets is 500 tons per day. The facility can be fueled by truck or by boat and stored in a 5.000 m³ cylindrical silo
Heizomat partners with Siemens to equip your boilers with a new touch system to regulate your wood boilers with it.
This new system allows new possibilities for the management and control of different boiler setting parameters, while guaranteeing high reliability.
2 Herz boilers for a total of 2.000 kW, supplied by Thermosun, They will replace four diesel and gas boilers at the Ferrol Naval Hospital. They will use wood pellets as fuel, significantly reducing thermal production costs and emissions.
The Naval Hospital of the Complexo Hospitalario Universitario de Ferrol is one of the most relevant health infrastructures in the Autonomous Community of Galicia and is characterized by its high demand for thermal energy in your facilities. It has a total of 314 beds, 5 operating rooms and 2 hyperbolic chambers to treat poisoning, decompression and burns.
The substitution has been promoted by the Comprehensive Energy Efficiency Plan (PIEE) of the Galician Health Service (SERGAS) and the Forest Biomass Promotion Strategy for the 2014-2020 period promoted by the Xunta de Galicia.
Lithuania and its 3 million inhabitants were heavily dependent on fossil fuel imports from Russia. In 2014, When Lithuania became an EU member state, it paid the highest price for imported gas, a price considered "political" as it was not comparable to the market situation. In the meantime, indigenous biomass resources were (and still are) abundant. De 2000 a 2016, the use of biomass in the district heating sector increased from 2 % to 65 %, thus surpassing the biomass used in district heating to imported gas. The main reason for this change is the huge renewable energy resources in Lithuaniawhere the forests cover 33,2 % from the country ( 2,2 M ha). In addition, the price of using biomass for heating is up to 3 times less than the price of natural gas. The amount of biomass per capita in Lithuania is one of the highest in the European Union.
As a result, the transition from imported gas to local biomass fuel has resulted in a cost reduction for consumersas well as in a reduction of the emissions of CO2 . Also more than 7.500 people work for companies related to biomass technology, production and supply. The average salary in this sector is approximately 1,5 times higher than the average salary in Lithuania. The annual turnover of this sector is approximately 410 millions of euros.
Thanks to the rapid pace of bioenergy development, Lithuania has already reached the EU directive on incentives for the consumption of renewable energy resources. For Lithuania, the objective is to increase this participation by 23 % by 2020.
Thermosun has supplied an Austrian boiler Binder 4MW that will allow to gain energy efficiency and expand the supply network by 20% in the urban center of Sant Pere de Torelló in the province of Barcelona. The commissioning has been carried out by the Suris company.
This municipality was one of the first points in Spain where an installation of district heating more than 30 years ago. As a pioneering bioenergetic town, it has already renovated its energy supply facilities with the Binder RRK4000 biomass boiler.
In Sant Pere de Torelló and its surroundings there is an important industry dedicated to wood, an industry that generates abundant waste. With the new boiler forest biomass that comes from a maximum of 50 km from the municipality will be used to seek maximum efficiency.
Some equipment supplied or in manufacturing are:
- Two 2,5 MW biomass boilers for Avrora, which is a Russian furniture factory with 4 production halls in Dimitrovgrad.
- An 800 kW biomass boiler for France Volet, a French manufacturer of swing shutters and doors, which will use the production waste from the Arcis-sur-Aube factory as fuel.
- Three biomass boilers of 4,5 MW each to equip the boiler room of the municipal housing and services society of the city of Kobrin (Belarus), which replace gas boilers and allow the use of local fuel and supply heat to subscribers at a lower cost.
- A 750 kW wood pellet boiler will be delivered in October 2020 to Lalliard, a French lumber company, for its production workshop, offices and technical premises in Bonneville.
Most biomass boiler manufacturers in Europe have worked well in advance to put on the market a catalog of high-quality equipment that meets the eco-design requirements.
Koldo Uría, manufacturer's aftermarket and marketing director Domusa Teknik, points out that "The pellet boilers have not had to make major technological changes to meet the new emission and performance limits."
The main novelty introduced by the ecodesign regulation has been the limitation of nitrogen oxide emissions and the calculation of seasonal performance considering, among others, the electrical consumption of the boilers.
EASY AND LESS EASY REQUIREMENTS TO REACH
Ángel Martínezcommercial Hargassner Iberica, ensures that the Austrian manufacturer "He already had his entire catalog adapted to these requirements".
Just as BioCurve, the Basque-Aragonese manufacturer of biomass condensing boilers; It has also come with homework done and on note. Thanks to the fact that its equipment is marketed in several countries of the European Union with strict legislation, "It has not been necessary to make an additional effort to reach the limits of ecological design", Explain Ignacio Quílez, commercial of the company.
Still, due to the peculiarities of biomass combustion, some demands have involved an extra effort in research and engineering.
The requirements that have been easier to meet have been those related to CO emissions and volatile organic compounds and performance, closely related to each other and an issue in which manufacturers have been making significant progress for some time.
Control of NOx and microparticle emissions, rather, it has required more effort. Eladio Pérez, manager Ecoforest, believes that the standard is demanding the possible technological limits for these emissions. And he points out that they are particularly complex to control the emissions of particles in reduced power and those of NOx, since they are highly dependent on the fuel used.
In effect, the limitation of NOx emissions has meant a significant change with respect to the previous reference standard, UNE-EN-303: 5, which did not contemplate them. Along with microparticle emissions, it is a subject that raises controversy, being the focus of attacks from some sectors.
Francisco Muñoz, commercial director of the granadian manufacturer ITB-Intecbio, issues a complaint: the regulation is more permissive with fossil fuels than with biomass in relation to NOx emissions (the limit for biomass is ≤ 200 mg / m3, while for fossil fuels it is set at ≤ 350 mg / m3). "Does this mean that the nitrogen dioxides emitted by fossil fuels are less harmful to our health than those emitted by biomass?", he asks.
CAN BIOMASS BOILERS SUPPORT STRICT LIMITS?
Although some are already difficult to ensure, it is clear to all that social and political concern about climate change may tighten the requirements for biomass combustion equipment.
According to Ignacio Quílez, stricter limits may be required, but in a gradual way. The standard has focused on the behavior of the boiler at minimum power, establishing achievable starting criteria that have encouraged manufacturers to improve the product. "If they had been stricter, they probably would have had the opposite effect", reflects.
Xosé-Luis Pérez, general director of Belenus-Natur and representative in Spain of the Strebel boilers, believes that it would be possible to withstand stricter limits, especially in terms of equipment efficiency. Ángel Martínez agrees on this, for whom the performance requirement required by the standard is not very high and believes that it should be improved.
Koldo Uria adds that, although “current requirements ensure that a new biomass boiler is environmentally friendly, some limitations could be more stringent " and sets the example of Italy, where the values for emissions and performance are more demanding than those established in the Ecodesign directive.
Francisco Muñoz agrees and defends the need for greater control of the equipment's energy efficiency. In addition, he adds, he believes that it is a priority "Reduce energy demand and then provide a quality and efficient service with machines."
DO THE BIOMASS EQUIPMENT WIN WITH THE ECOLOGICAL DESIGN?
The regulation tries to guarantee that all biomass boilers on the market are of good or high quality, demanding high performance and low emissions, which is positive.
This can also contribute to silence lobbies interested in discrediting the image of biomass, adds Ignacio Quílez. A little less optimistic is Eladio Pérez, who believes that the restrictions imply higher equipment costs, which represents a disadvantage compared to fossil technology.
Francisco Muñoz abounds in this, pointing out that sometimes the cost of the means, devices and auxiliary elements that must be installed in the machines to comply with current regulations can make their marketing unfeasible.
"The calculation of seasonal yields and emissions is based on the assumption that the boiler operates 15% of the time at maximum power and 85% at low powers; therefore, yields and emissions at partial load are essential for seasonal calculation and a critical aspect when designing new models ”Koldo Uria points out.
HOW TO COMMUNICATE TO THE USER THE ADVANTAGES OF HEATING WITH BIOMASS
It is relevant to adequately communicate to users the advantages and values of using biomass as a heating system to compensate for the pitfall of its higher initial cost compared to diesel or natural gas. Koldo Uria believes that now the user receives clearer information, which may tip their purchasing decision towards biomass.
To a greater or lesser extent, manufacturers and distributors inform and train their customers directly on how to choose the right biofuel or on the correct handling of the equipment. Or they participate in workshops and events aimed at the general public, although usually with limited impact due to the number of people who attend.
For Francisco Muñoz, manufacturers should not carry out social pedagogical work, but must be the responsibility of public institutions. "In this way, citizens will perceive the information in an objective and neutral way", Explica.
IN ADDITION TO THE TEAM ...
Ignacio Quílez highlights the importance of biomass quality. Using the wrong biofuel puts you at risk of meeting the team's ecodesign requirements, he explains. "You have to understand that the ecological design does not refer to the boiler, but to the set of boiler and fuel."
In his opinion, the concept of “poly-fuel” equipment that burns any waste has no place in the path outlined by the new directive. Pellet producers have made a great effort to guarantee the quality of the product and other biomass, such as olive stones and chips, are beginning to follow the same path with success.
Another factor that affects the effective fulfillment of the ecodesign conditions is the user and his interaction with the boiler. Francisco Muñoz recalls that to ensure that the team works at all times fulfilling the requirements, its regulation must be fully automatic and autonomous.
PARTICIPANTS IN THIS ARTICLE
Ángel Martínez, commercial director of Hargassner Ibérica.
His company markets, distributes and is in charge of the technical service of equipment of the Austrian manufacturer Hargassner throughout the peninsular territory.
In 2020 they plan to sell between 100 and 500 biomass boilers in Spain. His big bet for this season is the new SMART range, for pellets or firewood, that the company presented at the Genera fair. Designed with the same combustion benefits as the most sophisticated boilers of the firm, such as the hearth in refractory material or the lambda probe, they enjoy a more reasonable price by dispensing with some configuration options, such as pellet loading and cleaning the exchanger, which are manual.
They are available in powers of 17-20-25-32 kW (pellet) and 17-20-23 kW (wood) and prices start at € 5.900 plus VAT.
Ignacio Quílez, commercial director of BioCurve.
BioCurve has specialized in the development of biomass condensing boilers. Its work headquarters are located in Zaragoza and Vizcaya, where the production plant is located. In 2020 they hope to sell between 500 and 2.000 teams.
This year they will launch the BCH100 condensing boiler, with 100 kW of power and with very small dimensions: the boiler body occupies less than 1 m2 in plant. Its nominal performance is 105,7% based on the PCI, which is equivalent to a seasonal efficiency, according to ecological design, of 94%.
Eladio Pérez, manager of Ecoforest.
Ecoforest is the pioneer biomass equipment manufacturer in Spain; Located in Pontevedra, it was the first European manufacturer of equipment for pellets; It also manufactures geothermal heat pumps and is currently located in more than 30 countries. Expect to put 500-2000 units on the market during the campaign.
The "Vap 24" pellet boiler has a power of 24 kW and a 93% efficiency. It has exclusive electronics from the company. Among its main features is the automatic regulation of the combustion air, the supply of pellets and the flow of the recirculating pump. The management of the equipment can be done via WiFi and Internet. Its starting price is € 4.650.
Koldo Uria, director of post-sales and marketing at Domusa Teknik.
Domusa Teknik, part of the Mondragon Corporation, is one of the largest national manufacturers of biomass equipment. Based in Guipuzcoa, it specializes in air conditioning equipment with different technologies, traditional and renewable, including biomass boilers.
In 2020 they hope to sell between 500 and 2.000 biomass boilers. The BioClass HM 16 boiler is one of the most outstanding models, thanks to its electronic modulation capacity and automatic cleaning system. Its price is 3.965 euros.
Francisco Muñoz, commercial director of ITB-Intecbio.
Intecbio has its manufacturing center and offices in the Granada town of Huétor Tájar. In its catalog it offers a domestic and industrial range, with power equipment between 100 and 225 kW. His expectations for this season put sales in the fork between 100 and 500 units.
The domestic HV range (with powers of 15 and 22 kW) with a compact design incorporates, among others, automatic cleaning of exchanger and burner and configurable smoke outlet. They also have the industrial INV range, with powers from 150 to 500 kW.
Xosé-Luis Pérez, CEO of Belenus-Natur.
Belenus-Natur is a consulting company dedicated to energy efficiency and renewable energy based in A Coruña. It is the official importer and distributor of the Automated manufacturer of biomass boilers STREBEL for Spain and Portugal.
They hope to sell between 100 and 500 units this season. Featured equipment includes the fully automatic 29 kW Strebel Thermotec Nova pellet boiler. With an efficiency of 96,4%, it guarantees very low emissions. It is quiet and very compact. Its retail price is € 9.200.
Wood pellet production in Spain has increased by 20% in the last year, reaching a record volume of 714.000 tons in 2019.
The Spanish production, ten years ago, in 2010, had 29 pellet factories that produced 150.000 tons mainly destined for the foreign market. Currently, in 2019, 714.000 tons have been produced in Spain in 82 factories that are mainly destined for the internal market. It is 20% more than the previous year's production.
Of Spanish production, 77% is for domestic use, with 15-kilogram bags being the most common form of consumption in the domestic market. These are data from the Annual Statistical Report on the Pellet Market in Spain that has recently been prepared by AVEBIOM, the Spanish Association of Biomass Energy Valorization.
Another characteristic of the Spanish market is that the EN sealplus, the most recognized international quality certificate, is the most demanded by Spanish customers, with 82% of the pellets manufactured in 2019 being certified under this seal.
By Autonomous Communities, the production of Castilla y León stands out with more than 223.000 tons, Catalonia with 97.000 tons and thirdly Galicia with a production of 86.000 tons in 2019. There are factories in 16 of the 17 Communities that have generated thousands of new stable jobs in rural areas.
Manufacturing adjustment expected in 2020
In addition to being a record year in terms of production, 2019 has also been a record volume imported from Portugal. An excess of production in Portugal, caused by lower demand from the British market, has facilitated the entry into Spain of 160.000 tons of pellets. This increase in imports together with the mild autumn in Spain have filled the warehouses of Spanish manufacturers and distributors, who have not hesitated to adjust the manufacturing pace to adapt to current demand.
On the other hand, because of the COVID-19 the work of the companies installing new boilers and pellet stoves has slowed down too much, so it is expected that the increase in consumption in Spain during 2020 will be only 2%, while the Average growth in pellet consumption in Spain in the last three years has been 12%.
The expectations for the production of wood pellets in Spain in the year 2022 are much more positive than for this year, this figure will approach 900.000 tons. Despite the abnormal collapse in oil prices, a series of legislative measures are expected from the Government of Spain that will promote the use of Renewable Energies in the coming years. Like other EU countries, Spain has expressed its desire to the European Commission to support a “green” way out for the Post Covid economyThis is in conjunction with the EU's intention to reach an agreement to achieve more ambitious decarbonisation targets by 2030.
Yesterday, March 29 at 11:30 pm, I published the RD Law 10 / 2020 which came into force today, March 30, by which the government intensifies the confinement measures linked to the COVID-19 crisis, limiting work activities to the essentials.
We are aware that the list has been discussed for a long time and changed format throughout the weekend until its final version, in which, finally, there is no CNAE list of the activities considered essential.
Bioenergy: a basic service
Although the new norm does not expressly mention biofuels or the thermal energy that is generated with them, it is obvious that they constitute a basic necessity service as indicated in point 2 of the Annex of RD Law 10/2020 and as can be seen from the wording incomplete of article 17 of RD 463/2020.
Therefore, As representatives of companies and professionals in charge of supplying energy from biomass, we guarantee that they will continue working to provide heating, domestic hot water and process heat. to the confined population and to public services (hospitals, nursing homes, ...) and essential industries (agri-food, electricity, pharmaceuticals, ...) that use biofuels.
APROPELLETS and AVEBIOM, the main associations in the biomass sector, We reiterate our commitment and that of the associated companies to continue with the manufacture and supply of biofuels and with the complementary tasks (transport, boiler repairs, etc.) so that the supply of heat or electrical energy to all users is maintained. We ask the government to expressly include biofuels in the royal decrees to avoid confusion and problems for end users.
Royal Decree 463 / 2020, of March 14, declaring the state of alarm for the management of the health crisis situation caused by COVID-19.
Article 17. Guarantee of supply of electrical energy, products derived from petroleum and natural gas.
The delegated competent authorities may adopt the necessary measures to guarantee the supply of electricity, petroleum products, and natural gas, in accordance with the provisions of article 7 of Law 24/2013, of December 26, of the Electricity Sector, and in articles 49 and 101 of Law 34/1998, of October 7, on the hydrocarbon sector.
Real Decreto-ley 10/2020, of March 29, which regulates a recoverable paid leave for employed persons who do not provide essential services, in order to reduce the mobility of the population in the context of the fight against COVID-19
ANNEXED. The paid remuneration regulated in this royal decree-law will not be the object of application to the following employed persons:
2 point. Those that work in the activities that participate in the market supply chain and in the operation of the services of the production centers of basic goods and services, including food, beverages, animal feed, hygienic products, medicines, sanitary products or any necessary product for the protection of health, allowing the distribution of the same from the origin to the final destination.
Located in the Polígono El Bayo de Cubillos del Sil, the technical process has been completed and it will be able to start producing in the coming weeks. In this time, the company has employed 700 people and plans to have 40 workers directly and another 400 indirect.
With the current situation generated by the coronavirus crisis, those responsible for Forestalia cannot advance an exact date, but they hope to start their activity soon. Initially it was scheduled to start in March.
Regarding production, the factory will be fed 280.000 tons of biomass per year from an environment of 150 kilometers in the area, which will produce 290 megawatts of renewable and clean electricity enough to supply 83.000 homes. There will also be a saving of 110.000 tons of CO2 that would generate fossil combustion.
The Forestalia project is made up of a biomass reception, treatment and feeding system; a grill boiler for biomass combustion; a gas purification and gas treatment system required to meet the required emission limits; a 49,9MV, 11KV electric generator; and an 11/132 KV outdoor electrical substation.
Forestry, a company associated with AVEBIOM and that was present at the last edition of Expobiomasa, has had for the plant a global investment of 112 million euros, 42 of them from a loan managed by the Junta de Castilla y León.
KW could cost 80% less, agricultural machinery could reduce your emissions by 90% and the vineyard branches provide heating and hot water in a sustainable way, more economical and renewable to 60.000 homes throughout Castilla y León. These are some data that COAG manages in its sessions that promote Against Climate Change.
The 77.300 wine-growing hectares of Castilla y León produce 150.000 tons of vine shoots they burn in the field and could give heat and hot water to 60.000 homes. Today 1.800 tons of around 1.000 hectares are used mainly for grills and restaurants.
Some wineries already have biomass boilers for their processes, but it is essential to define how to collect, organize transport and logistics. AVEBIOM works on these issues with the project AGROBIOHEAT and seeks to promote initiatives for the use of biomass of agricultural origin in rural areas.
COAG-Castilla y León has been several editions a collaborating entity in the promotion of Expobiomasa in the agricultural and livestock sector of the region.