According to the latest statistics from the Natural Resources Institute of Finland, a total of 385.000 tons of wood pellets were produced in Finland in 2018, almost one fifth more than in the previous year, and the highest production in history. Also at 2018, imports set a record with a total of 95.000 tons of wood pellets imported into Finland. They increased an 10 percent and were mostly imported from Russia. A total of 43.000 tons were also exported, mainly to Denmark and Sweden.
The year 2019 started well for the Austrians, because since January 1, diesel heating in new buildings in Lower Austria is prohibited, and it will be even better. Vienna continues this trend at the end of March and goes one step further: diesel heating systems are also banned for major renovations. At the national level, diesel heating will be banned throughout Austria from 2020. The next step is expected to be to ban the installation of gas heating.
In most Mediterranean countries there is an important market for solid biofuels for heating applications in the residential sector. In these countries, in addition to pellets and wood chips, other solid fuels derived from the typical Mediterranean biomass are used.
Jorge Morales de Labra in the SEXTA clarifies in this video how much the heating cost has risen this year according to the type of fuel used. The biomass comes out very well stop ... Watch video
The main solid biofuels, obtained from biomass, are pellets, wood chips and olive stones. They are also other biofuels-less abundant-like the husks of nuts; or less homogenous and technified, such as firewood. But all of them, equally important.
The energy generated with wood chips and pellets, olive stone and other biomass allows to stop importing to Spaniards the equivalent of more than 1,2 million tons of oil (about 10 million barrels of oil). In addition, it reduces the emissions of greenhouse gases caused by the use of fossil fuels such as diesel or natural gas.
How much electricity do pellet stoves consume? There are stoves that do not consume electricity and even generate the electricity necessary for small external devices such as mobiles. Within the components of a pellet stove there are usually several electronic elements: fans, ignition system, burner supply or combustion control, which help in a decisive way to make it as efficient as possible. They also make its use easier and more comfortable.
To make a quick personal calculation: as the saving is in fuel it is proportional to the meters of the house. Jesús lives in Valladolid with his wife and two children. It has a well-insulated 100m² house. Every year it consumes 16.000 kWh of energy for heating, similar to what it consumes in any city in central Spain. Jesus analyzed what it costs as a consumer (with taxes) heating and hot water each year with different types of energy.
Biomass heating generates savings of up to 66% compared to diesel. Of the 1.340 euros on average that are spent annually in each home in Castilla y León to meet the general costs of energy, the 47% is destined to produce heat; one 19%, to sanitary hot water; and the rest, to electricity.